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Chawson First School

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Cognitive and Learning

Cognitive and Learning

Cognition and learning refers to the general learning of the person.  Pupils with needs or difficulties in this area may learn at a slower pace to their peers, find it difficult to acquire skills, have low levels of attainment across subjects or struggle with problem solving.

Examples of cognition and learning needs/difficulties that are listed in the SEN code of practice include:

  • Specific learning difficulties (including dyslexia, dyspraxia and dyscalculia).
  • Moderate learning difficulties
  • Severe learning difficulties
  • Profound multiple learning difficulties


How do we support this?

At Chawson First School we support pupils with their learning and want pupils to achieve well. To do this we differentiate work and use adaptive teaching strategies within the classroom, and offer intervention individually and in groups. Additionally, we have processes within the school that allow us to track whether a pupil may have a specific learning difficulty (e.g. dyslexia pathway).

High Quality Teaching: the pupils needs can be met in the classroom through every day high quality teaching which can include considerations of the classroom environments.


How can I support at home?

If you think your child might need help with their cognition and learning needs at home you can support them in the following ways:

  • Ask questions and set up opportunities to challenge and provoke deeper thinking/thinking for themselves. For instance, "What should we do first?", "How does this work... can you help me?"
  • Encourage your child to come up with original and creative ideas and show an authentic response. This will help them have a stronger sense of self-worth and then approach tasks more confidently.
  • Let your child know what they think and question is valued and listen carefully to what they are trying to say so you may support them in this. 
  • Encourage your child to try various methods and problem solving techniques. Help your child keep trying until they find a solution that works for them. Examples could be in drawing, acting and talking.
  • Take trips to interesting places such as a museum, library, or local business to stimulate your child’s curiosity and sense of wonder. Offer hands-on experiences during these trips to allow for further exploration. Bring along paper, writing utensils, a camera, or recorder to capture any thoughts or questions.
  • Play a variety of games with your child. For younger children: build with blocks, roll balls, and play Peek-a-Boo. As your child matures:  play board games, play memory games, work on puzzles, and play Hide and Seek.
  • Choose toys for your child that encourages a variety of ways to play. Toys that can only be played with in one way limit children’s creativity and opportunities for problem-solving. Some suggestions would be: blocks, connecting toys, cardboard boxes, tracks and cars, paints, pencils, paper, homemade clay, instruments, etc.
  • Support your child with homework and keep connected with the class teacher to know how to support at home.
  • Practice content your child may struggle with, through repetition we can embed the learning further so we can remember more effectively. For instance, counting with blocks, then counting with items of clothing and then food etc.